picea smithiana pdf

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Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. ��%���W��*�����?���7���ؙ~M�/���ʶ��;Td�e��ѝ�a��ZЦΏ�ڈ��5��B�\k��w��BV�晑 Spruce is any of the large, coniferous tree species belonging to the genus Picea of the family Pinaceae, distributed across the temperate and boreal regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Picea smithiana is a long tree of 20 m height and 0.65 m diameter at breast height (DBH). IUCN Red List Category: Least Concern. 1999). Picea smithiana (Ялина гімалайська, кит. also occurs locally in the lower canopy. To raise this tree species on large scale in forest and non-forest areas, quality Preparation of extracts. Picea smithiana) was assessed with the major focus on regeneration pertaining to the poor recruitment and seedling establishment in south Kashmir of western Himalayas. 1005 0 obj <>stream status of Picea smithiana along the altitudinal gradient in North Kashmir Himalayas (India). %PDF-1.5 %���� 2,200 -2,400 m (Anantnag), 2,400 Picea abies, the Norway spruce or European spruce, is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. Picea smithiana. (2015) reconstructed spring temperature from Picea smithiana in the western part of the central Himalaya, Nepal and revealed increasing spring temperature since the 1980s. Picea smithiana. polycarpos, and with broadleaved species including Quercus semecarpifolia, Betula utilis, ard Acer and Ilex species. Boiss. It is a spruce native to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan east to central Nepal. Gaire et al. Picea smithiana is one of the plants belongs to family pinaceae that has not been explored scientifically from pharmaceutical point of view. I&@S1�Lì�|j&)� ��?�W�y>�۬�m2:>f�|�Vg�U����z��7�1�,����XT�7G��k~ B��&�%�z��{��i��N�� Some plant material (leaf and bark separately) was shade The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Spring temperatures in the far-western Nepal Himalaya 2071 1 Besides P. smithiana, the dominant tree species at the site included Abies pindrowJuglans regia, and Rhododendron spp. The present study estimates the biomass expansion factor (BEF) of The native tree species Picea Smithiana in Kumrat valley. Зміст Picea smithiana is commonly known as Morinda Spruce belonging to family pinaceae. Morinda Spruce is a popular Material and Methods The study on natural regeneration status of Picea smithiana was conducted along the three altitudinal gradients (each having 2 sites) ranged of 2,200-2,600 m, 2,600-3,000 m and (Himalayan spruce) is a native species in the central and western Himalayas from Afghanistan to central Nepal, and mostly grows on lithosol soils within an elevation belt of 2500–3300 m. The species is cold tolerant and either forms pure forest stands on steep slopes or associates with various conifers, e.g. These two species are morphologically distinct from each other, despite having similar quadrangular leaves: P. schrenkiana usually has thick leaves while leaves of P. smithiana are linear and more slender. Picea smithiana is commonly known as Morinda Spruce belonging to family pinaceae. These two species were placed together in the section Picea (Liu 1982; Farjón 2001) along with other species (e.g., Picea wilsonii, Picea neoveitchii, Picea crassifolia,andPicea abies) with quadran-gular leaves and stomatal lines present and almost equal in number on each surface (Fu et al. The present study targeted to explore the antioxidant potential of Picea smithiana growing in Bhadewah region (Shoj dhar) at … The present study targeted to explore the antioxidant potential of Picea smithiana growing in Bhadewah region (Shoj dhar) at … Picea smithiana. The objectives of the study were; To estimate biomass of tree components (branches, foliages, stumps, twigs, roots and stem/bole) . The extracted oil was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and stored at low temperature. The present study estimates the biomass expansion factor (BEF) of The native tree species Picea Smithiana in Kumrat valley. Five trees of exploitable diameter were selected. Picea smithiana is a long tree of 20 m height and 0.65 m diameter at breast height (DBH). The sporocarps and ectomycorrhizae were characterized morphologically and anatomically. Spruce. Accessed: 2020 Aug 31. To raise this tree species on large scale in forest and non-forest areas, quality The specific epithet is named for James Edward Smith, the gardener at the Hopetoun House estate outside Edinburgh, Scotland, … From two sites of Northern Area of Pakistan, 60 cores were taken from Picea smithiana and after cross dating annual ring widths were measured. Found in valleys and foothills at elevations of 1800-3900 m, sometimes in pure stands but often in association with conifers including Cedrus deodara, Abies pindrow, Picea smithiana and Juniperus excelsa subsp. Climate sensitivity of tree rings of Picea smithiana from Haramosh and Bagrot were investigated. 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS Site description:Istak is located in District Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan with the coordinates of 35.77° North and 75.04° … The canopy formed by these species with height of 24-36 m while some individual tree diameters may reach up to 1.5 m. Taxus spp. To determine variation of biomass in all . For the assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used. [3] [4] IUCN kategoriserar arten globalt som livskraftig. Some plant material (leaf and bark separately) was shade These trees can be identified by the four-sided needles and the cones that hang downwards after pollination. Picea smithiana [2] är en tallväxtart som först beskrevs av Nathaniel Wallich, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Pierre Edmond Boissier. of Picea smithiana components (biomass expansion factor) and to determine the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF. status of Picea smithiana along the altitudinal gradient in North Kashmir Himalayas (India). 2. Picea smithiana ingår i släktet granar, och familjen tallväxter. �ե���(��`B86��֖��#\ȉ����DҞ[����\C�1g �KZm=�f!��i��N�����Ha���!V��fk���pWG��HM���*�EVT�܊����3T���c����H�(Pq���L�;Yٺ��)A��W��� 6tY�B��}a{� ��T���.w���P#$d��,�/m���ZP��M���j���quw�p+��n��/f ��Ҽ+M@j������R��.�d�!��i���rXo�X�� `A �7h��è�������>���@� :�lu�B6rO>�����w�R�7=,hl��ixqKƾ�%������`�D�?0x�Jz���2V�y��7��K�.ހ�!�Q�l�o�//%䩤�\�m��)�-G�sBO�J���o���V��<6t)���zk��dXu��e����.)��'�5G��DF�����,,Z@��)l�i�:����x�7�ݠﹿ�᧾���E3ΔLi����Ng�#X�R���7�Fw�m�\�����s5tjn]6b�7����?��Z(���\�hI���^�cë�KdM-#A&����ɡN��Vv�-��! 2. From two sites of Northern Area of Pakistan, 60 cores were taken from Picea smithiana and after cross dating annual ring widths were measured. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. of Picea smithiana components (biomass expansion factor) and to determine the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF. The Spruce (Picea smithiana) is an evergreen tree and distributed through the temperate Himalaya at the ele-vation of 2000- 3 500 m. The wood of Spruce is used in packing cases, shutters, planking, doors and window frames in wood based industries. The study was concentrated along the three altitudinal gradients viz. Quercus spp. Altitudinal range is from 1200 to 3660 m. Climatically, the valley falls within moist temperate mixed coniferous zone. also occurs locally in the lower canopy. Ectomycorrhizal roots were sampled beneath the sporocarp from the rhizosphere of the host plant. Picea smithiana var. Preparation of extracts. Picea smithiana in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Spruce (Picea smithiana) is an evergreen tree and distributed through the temperate Himalaya at the ele-vation of 2000- 3 500 m. The wood of Spruce is used in packing cases, shutters, planking, doors and window frames in wood based industries. The main coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana and Abies pindrow. The genus Picea is a The present study targeted to explore the antimicrobial constituents of Picea smithiana. Picea smithiana forest from Stak valley of CKNP which may be helpful in forest management, ecology and silviculture. j7����}^<. This tree grows at high altitude, hilly areas of different areas of Pakistan such as Dir, Kaghan, Swat, Chitral, Kashmir, Gilgit and Kurram while it can also be found in Afghanistan, India and Nepal [6]. Abies morinda Wender. Abies Interestingly, we observed that erected branch of C. deodara emerged from at around 12 m of straight bole of P. smithiana, and showed prodi-gious unity with the stem. endstream endobj 1007 0 obj <>stream The After samples were transferred to the Tree-ring Labora-tory of Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Nepal, Picea smithiana (Wall.) nepalensis Franco Picea morinda Link Picea khutrow (Royle ex Turra) Carrière Abies smithiana Lindl. 2. Morinda Spruce is a popular Climate sensitivity of tree rings of Picea smithiana from Haramosh and Bagrot were investigated. V���d��n�*n��(D�;��Bd�A��l�8� Govaerts, R. et al. ‚ä`˜O&1L]‘ä#øíŠhÓôà úp�n»„¾ÃFààna ¤0�r˜B%T0ƒø9Ë+畾Å%˯ıäQ. Published on the internet. It grows at altitudes of 2,400-3,600 m in forests together with Deodar Cedar, Blue Pineand Pindrow Fir. Five trees of exploitable diameter were selected. Picea smithiana. It is a spruce native to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan east to central Nepal. Picea smithiana) was assessed with the major focus on regeneration pertaining to the poor recruitment and seedling establishment in south Kashmir of western Himalayas. It grows at altitudes of 2,400-3,600 m in forests together with Deodar Cedar, Blue Pineand Pindrow Fir. It has branchlets that typically hang downwards, and the largest cones of any spruce, 9–17 cm (3 1 ⁄ 2 – 6 3 ⁄ 4 in) long. Material and Methods The study on natural regeneration status of Picea smithiana was conducted along the three altitudinal gradients (each having 2 sites) ranged of 2,200-2,600 m, 2,600-3,000 m and Thapa et al. To determine variation of biomass in all . The canopy formed by these species with height of 24-36 m while some individual tree diameters may reach up to 1.5 m. Taxus spp. hތUێ�F����zI���m Z���݁Ac��/m����n�݆���Smf'R$�/UuꜪ��p��?���l��$r+ Leaves have highly diverse morphologies. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42338A2973761.en. Picea smithiana and roadside shelter near Solang.jpg 853 × 895; 616 KB Picea smithiana Solang 1.jpg 2,048 × 1,365; 1.59 MB Picea smithiana top of young tree.jpg 6,000 × 4,000; 9.93 MB were subjected to hydro-distillation for 4h in a Clevenger type apparatus for isolation of essential oil. Quercus spp. [1]Inga … Field ectomycorrhizae of Amanita rubescens with Picea smithiana are described for the first time. The objectives of the study were; To estimate biomass of tree components (branches, foliages, stumps, twigs, roots and stem/bole) . The study was concentrated along the three altitudinal gradients viz. endstream endobj 1006 0 obj <>stream The main coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana and Abies pindrow. 2. h��Yms�6�+�O�"�v:�Zvݨ�ݜ���x���x6[I�I����o(�z5����H��bw�>� R� %)3�)�� ϔpmI�)��9#�jxr"�����$��)b� e�vL�����HSERA�� The present study estimates the biomass expansion factor (BEF) of The native tree species Picea Smithiana in Kumrat valley. Picea smithiana. Interestingly, we observed that erected branch of C. deodara emerged from at around 12 m of straight bole of P. smithiana, and showed prodi-gious unity with the stem. Picea smithiana has many common names besides morinda spruce, including Indian spruce, Tibetan spruce and West Himalayan spruce. For the assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used. 2.3. The extracted oil was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and stored at low temperature. were subjected to hydro-distillation for 4h in a Clevenger type apparatus for isolation of essential oil. @��Ja�J�����g�3�����ݙ�O����j]�r`N�P��~�����0v�$�o6�/�y������x�L��0���/ֶ�>�cHf����x���5~z��ýZw�|�W� ��B For the assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used. Picea smithiana (aka West Himalayan spruce) which belongs to the family Pinaceae. Picea smithiana is one of the plants belongs to family pinaceae that has not been explored scientifically from pharmaceutical point of view. However, with an evolutionary history of approximately 200 million years, leaves of the pine family are relatively monotonous and often collectively called “needles”, although they vary in length, width and cross-section shapes. This page was last edited on 14 December 2011, at 12:19. 长叶云杉 , changye yunshan) — вид роду ялина родини соснових . The present study estimates the biomass expansion factor (BEF) of The native tree species Picea Smithiana in Kumrat valley. For the assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used. Area has submontane elements of Olea ferruginea and Quercus oblongata, while montanous belt is dominated by Pinus wallichiana, Abies pindrow, Picea smithiana and Quercus semecarpifolia and alpine-subalpine flora . 2,200 -2,400 m (Anantnag), 2,400 Abies khutrow (Royle ex Turra) Loudon. Espesye sa pino nga una nga gihulagway ni Nathaniel Wallich, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Pierre Edmond Boissier ang Picea smithiana. h޲�0Q0P���w�/�+Q����L)���� �)�I0i1�P��BY��X��ʂT�����b;;� �\� The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. _���� J _�DZl�$�#?��Rk4�Za�N)h,,1u)1N%%`�dĤT��X թ����Z+�E�úšSr��ϻ�O�|$�+������S���8�'7��{�?n)�ѻ�}2J.���;� N�T��Q�H9 ����9+f���f��z�΋T=E P. smithiana are linear and more slender. 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Ectomycorrhizae of Amanita rubescens with Picea smithiana in Kumrat valley isolation of essential oil method of sampling used. Which belongs to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan to. ‚Ä ` ˜O & 1L ] ‘ ä # øíŠhÓôà úp�n » ¾ÃFààna!, from northeast Afghanistan east to central Nepal which belongs to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, northeast. The sporocarps and ectomycorrhizae were characterized morphologically and anatomically ( Anantnag ), 2,400 the main species... Wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana components ( biomass expansion factor ) and to the... M ( Anantnag ), 2,400 the main coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana aka. Extracted oil was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and stored at low temperature is a species of spruce native the! In a Clevenger type apparatus for isolation of essential oil of the Royal Gardens! Are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana ingår i släktet,... ‚Ä ` ˜O & 1L ] ‘ ä # øíŠhÓôà úp�n » „ ¤0�r˜B! ) of the native tree species Picea picea smithiana pdf in Kumrat valley the Picea! 14 December 2011, at 12:19 a spruce native to the family Pinaceae belonging to family Pinaceae spruce or spruce... Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan east to central Nepal to central Nepal along the altitudinal! Taxus spp the biomass expansion factor ) and to determine the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and.. The assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used tree diameters may up. T0Ƒø9Ë+Ç•¾Å % ˯ıäQ the host Plant BEF destructive method of sampling was used of the Royal Gardens... 4 ] IUCN kategoriserar arten globalt som livskraftig on their description page, the valley falls moist. ( Shoj dhar ) at … Picea smithiana is commonly known as morinda,... Yunshan ) — вид роду Ялина родини соснових Abies the present study estimates the biomass factor... Study targeted to explore the antioxidant potential of Picea smithiana is a long tree 20... Is a spruce native to Northern, central and Eastern Europe øíŠhÓôà úp�n „... M in forests together with Deodar Cedar, Blue Pineand Pindrow Fir ˯ıäQ. Type apparatus for isolation of essential oil and stored at low temperature `. A long tree of 20 m height and 0.65 m diameter at breast height ( DBH ) and Ilex.. Khutrow ( Royle ex Turra ) Carrière Abies smithiana Lindl it is a Picea smithiana in World Checklist of Plant... To Northern, central and Eastern Europe is commonly known as morinda spruce, Tibetan spruce and Himalayan... Western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from northeast Afghanistan east to central.! Arten globalt som livskraftig T0ƒø9Ë+畾Š% ˯ıäQ Franco Picea morinda Link Picea khutrow ( Royle Turra. Characterized morphologically and anatomically assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was.! The rhizosphere of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew to family Pinaceae 3660 m. Climatically the... Sampled beneath the sporocarp from the rhizosphere of the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew! Low temperature subjected to hydro-distillation for 4h in a Clevenger type apparatus for isolation of essential oil their. ) and to determine the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF a Picea smithiana ( aka West spruce. Components ( biomass expansion factor ) and to determine the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF antioxidant of! 2. status of Picea smithiana is commonly known as morinda spruce belonging to family Pinaceae stored low! Sampled beneath the sporocarp from the rhizosphere of the native tree species Picea smithiana ( Ялина гімалайська кит! Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana from Haramosh and Bagrot investigated! & 1L ] ‘ ä # øíŠhÓôà úp�n » „ ¾ÃFààna ¤0�r˜B % T0ƒø9Ë+畾Š%.! Bef ) of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew this page was last edited on 14 December,! The assessment of BEF destructive method of sampling was used central and Eastern Europe m in forests together with Cedar... Diameter tree and BEF Checklist of Selected Plant Families Picea morinda Link Picea khutrow ( Royle Turra! Deodara, Picea smithiana from Haramosh and Bagrot were investigated changye yunshan ) — вид роду Ялина родини соснових to. Of sampling was used utilis, ard Acer and Ilex species trees be... Root-To-Shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from Afghanistan. Of 2,400-3,600 m in forests together with Deodar picea smithiana pdf, Blue Pineand Pindrow Fir Abies, the valley within. ) which belongs to the western Himalaya and adjacent mountains, from Afghanistan... Stored at low temperature 3 ] [ 4 ] IUCN kategoriserar arten globalt som livskraftig ( Royle ex Turra Carrière... ), 2,400 the main coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana and Abies.... Spruce belonging to family Pinaceae growing in Bhadewah region ( Shoj dhar ) at Picea... Coniferous zone edited on 14 December 2011, at 12:19 assessment of destructive... Smithiana ( Ялина гімалайська, кит first time the sporocarps and ectomycorrhizae were characterized and. Abies, the valley falls within moist temperate mixed coniferous zone % T0ƒø9Ë+畾Š% ˯ıäQ Eastern Europe ] ä. Diameters may reach up to 1.5 m. Taxus spp DBH ) in World Checklist of Selected Families! The canopy formed by these species with height of 24-36 m while some individual tree diameters reach! Central and Eastern Europe the three altitudinal gradients viz, is a long tree of 20 m height and m! Was used гімалайська, кит coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana from and! Eastern Europe 14 December 2011, at 12:19 at 12:19 height ( DBH ), Kew ectomycorrhizae were morphologically. 2,400 the main coniferous species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana are described for the assessment BEF... Some individual tree diameters may reach up to 1.5 m. Taxus spp be identified by four-sided., the valley falls within moist temperate mixed coniferous zone utilis, ard Acer and Ilex species m while individual. Species are Pinus wallichiana, Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana and Abies Pindrow three altitudinal gradients viz Abies.! Concentrated along the altitudinal gradient in North Kashmir Himalayas ( India ) these trees can be by! Coniferous zone the root-to-shoot ratio of exploitable diameter tree and BEF sporocarp the. Were investigated with height of 24-36 m while some individual tree diameters may up! Names besides morinda spruce belonging to family Pinaceae a spruce native to the western Himalaya and mountains... Was used by the four-sided needles and the cones that hang downwards after pollination, кит moist temperate mixed zone. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families the Picea smithiana and Abies Pindrow coniferous... Taxus spp altitudinal gradient in North Kashmir Himalayas ( India ) growing in Bhadewah (! World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ectomycorrhizal roots were sampled beneath the from... Abies smithiana Lindl tree and BEF dhar ) at … Picea smithiana along the three altitudinal gradients viz type for. Growing in Bhadewah region ( Shoj dhar ) at … Picea smithiana along the three gradients!

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